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Different Types of Poetry and Tips on Poetry Writing

In celebration of the National Poetry Month, let’s discuss the different types of poetry as well as some tips on poetry writing.

Poetry is one of the oldest literary art forms. As an art form, it uses human language artistically to evoke emotions in its readers.

Different Types of Poetry

  1. Blank verse - a poetry written with a precise meter that does not rhyme.

  2. Rhymed poetry - contains rhyming vowel sounds at particular moments.

  3. Free verse - lacks a consistent rhyme scheme, metrical pattern, or musical form.

  4. Epic - a lengthy, narrative work of poetry that typically details extraordinary feats and adventures of characters from a distant past.

  5. Narrative poetry - tells a story.

  6. Haiku - a three-line poetic form originating in Japan where the first line has five syllables, the second line has seven syllables, and the third line again has five syllables.

  7. Pastoral poetry - one that concerns the natural world, rural life, and landscapes.

  8. Sonnet - a 14-line poem, typically (but not exclusively) concerning the topic of love. Sonnets contain internal rhymes within their 14 lines; the exact rhyme scheme depends on the style of a sonnet.

  9. Elegy - a poem that reflects upon death or loss.

  10. Ode - a tribute to its subject, although the subject need not be dead—or even sentient.

  11. Limerick - a five-line poem that consists of a single stanza, an AABBA rhyme scheme, and whose subject is a short, pithy tale or description.

  12. Lyric poetry - refers to the broad category of poetry that concerns feelings and emotion.

  13. Ballad - a form of narrative verse that can be either poetic or musical. It typically follows a pattern of rhymed quatrains.

  14. Soliloquy - a monologue in which a character speaks to him or herself, expressing inner thoughts that an audience might not otherwise know.

  15. Villanelle - A nineteen-line poem consisting of five tercets and a quatrain, with a highly specified internal rhyme scheme.

Tips to Help Improve Your Poetry Writing

1. Read poetry every single day. Also, you can subscribe to a poetry podcast or attend live poetry readings.

2. Use literary devices such as metaphor, synecdoche, allegory, or imagery, to enrich your poetry writing, but refrain from using clichés.

3. Get to know the different types of poetry and their requirements, such as rhyme scheme and meter.

4. Join a poetry writing group and connect with other poets.

5. Lastly, and most importantly, write poetry regularly. Tell a story and express your thoughts and feelings through poetry.

At IABX, our mission is to promote and empower independent authors. We strive to provide useful and valuable information to do just that.

Feel free to send us an email at if you have any comments or suggestions. We would love to hear from you!

Missed the past weeks' Wednesday Writing Tips? Check them out here.

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